ART ARCHIVUM | Cubism
In this post I collected some of my favorite pieces of Cubism and photos of cubist artists. Enjoy 🙂
Pablo Picasso in his studio at the Bateau-Lavoir in Paris 1908
Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) | Still Life with Fruit and Glass 1908
Tempera on wood 27 x 21.1 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The term is broadly used in association with a wide variety of art produced in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteaux) during the 1910s and extending through the 1920s.
Georges Braque playing the bandoneon in his studio at the Hôtel Roma, Rue Caulaincourt, Paris 1911
Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963) | Man with a Guitar [Céret, summer 1911-early 1912]
Oil on canvas 116.2 x 80.9 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The movement was pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, joined by Andre Lhote, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris.
Pablo Picasso in his atelier with note the guitar painting 1915
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France) | Guitar and Clarinet on a Mantelpiece 1915
Oil, sand, and paper on canvas 130.2 x 97.2 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne. A retrospective of Cézanne’s paintings had been held at the Salon d’Automne of 1904, current works were displayed at the 1905 and 1906 Salon d’Automne, followed by two commemorative retrospectives after his death in 1907.
Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887–1927) | Breakfast 1914
Gouache, oil, and crayon on cut-and-pasted printed paper on canvas with oil and crayon 80.9 x 59.7 cm
MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York
In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.
Juan Gris in Paris early 1920s
Photo by Man Ray
Juan Gris (Spanish, Madrid 1887–1927 Boulogne-sur-Seine) | Violin and Playing Cards on a Table 1913
Oil on canvas 100.3 × 65.4 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Juan Gris |Man in Cafe 1912 (GIF)
The impact of Cubism was far-reaching and wide-ranging. Cubism spread rapidly across the globe and in doing so evolved to greater or lesser extent. In essence, Cubism was the starting point of an evolutionary process that produced diversity; it was the antecedent of diverse art movements.
Fernand Léger in his studio at Montparnasse 1946
Fernand Léger (French, Argentan 1881–1955 Gif-sur-Yvette) | The Village 1914
Oil on canvas 80 × 100.3 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
André Kertész (American (born Hungary), Budapest 1894–1985 New York) | Mondrian’s Studio, Paris 1926
Gelatin silver print 36.5 x 26.7 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
André Kertész | Self-Portrait with friends, Hôtel des terrasses, Paris 1926
Jacques Lipchitz (American (born Lithuania), Druskininkai 1891–1973 Capri) | Seated Man (Meditation) 1925
Bronze 34.3 x 29.2 x 24.8 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jacques Lipchitz at his Atelier in Paris ca. 1935
Photo by Rogi André (1905-1970)
Pablo Picasso | Three Musicians 1921
Oil on canvas 200.7 x 222.9 cm – Museum of Modern Art, New York
Pablo Picasso | Three Musicians 1921 (GIF)
Joseph Csaky (born hungarian 1888-1971) | Head (Portrait d’homme) 1913
Plaster lost or destroyed Published in Mont jolie March 1914
Joseph Csaky 1926
Photograph by André Kertész – exhibited at Galerie Au Sacre du printemps in Paris 1927
The Salon d’Automne of 1912, held in Paris at the Grand Palais from 1 October to 8 November.
Joseph Csaky‘s sculpture Groupe de femmes (Groupe de trois femmes, Groupe de trois personnages) of 1911–1912 is exhibited to the left. In front of two sculptures by Amedeo Modigliani. Other works are shown by Jean Metzinger, František Kupka, Francis Picabia andHenri Le Fauconnier.
Joseph Csaky | Groupe de femmes (Groupe de trois femmes, Groupe de trois personnages) 1911–1912
Plaster lost, photo Galerie René Reichard, Frankfurt. Exhibited at the 1912 Salon d’Automne, and Salon des Indépendants, 1913, Paris
Diego Rivera (Mexican, 1886–1957) | Cubist Landscape 1912
Oil on canvas 65.4 x 90.2 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The Mexican Diego Rivera arrived in Europe in 1907. He went to study with Eduardo Chicharro in Madrid, Spain, and from there went to Paris, France, to live and work with the great gathering of artists in Montparnasse, especially at La Ruche, where his friend Amedeo Modigliani painted his portrait in 1914. His circle of close friends, which included Ilya Ehrenburg, Chaim Soutine, Amedeo Modigliani and Modigliani’s wife Jeanne Hébuterne, Max Jacob, gallery owner Léopold Zborowski, and Moise Kisling, was captured for posterity by Marie Vorobieff-Stebelska (Marevna) in her painting “Homage to Friends from Montparnasse” (1962).
In those years, Paris was witnessing the beginning of Cubism in paintings by such eminent painters as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braqueand Juan Gris. From 1913 to 1917, Rivera enthusiastically embraced this new school of art.
Diego Rivera during his studies in Europe ca. 1909-1910