ART ARCHIVUM | Cubism

ART ARCHIVUM | Cubism

In this post I collected some of my favorite pieces of Cubism and photos of cubist artists. Enjoy 🙂

Picasso in his studio at the Bateau-Lavoir, Paris, 1908

Pablo Picasso in his studio at the Bateau-Lavoir in Paris 1908

Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) Still Life with Fruit and Glass 1908 MOMA

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) | Still Life with Fruit and Glass 1908

Tempera on wood 27 x 21.1 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York

The term is broadly used in association with a wide variety of art produced in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse and Puteaux) during the 1910s and extending through the 1920s.

Braque tocando el bandeón en su estudio 1911 Georges Braques at the Hôtel Roma, Rue Caulaincourt, Paris 1911

Georges Braque playing the bandoneon in his studio at the Hôtel Roma, Rue Caulaincourt, Paris 1911

Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963) Man with a Guitar 1911-12 MOMA

Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963) | Man with a Guitar [Céret, summer 1911-early 1912]
Oil on canvas 116.2 x 80.9 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York

The movement was pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, joined by Andre Lhote, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris.

Pablo Picasso in his atelier with note the guitar painting, 1915

Pablo Picasso in his atelier with note the guitar painting 1915

Pablo Picasso Guitar and Clarinet on a Mantelpiece

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France) | Guitar and Clarinet on a Mantelpiece 1915
Oil, sand, and paper on canvas 130.2 x 97.2 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne. A retrospective of Cézanne’s paintings had been held at the Salon d’Automne of 1904, current works were displayed at the 1905 and 1906 Salon d’Automne, followed by two commemorative retrospectives after his death in 1907.

Juan Gris Breakfast 1914 MOMA

Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887–1927) | Breakfast 1914
Gouache, oil, and crayon on cut-and-pasted printed paper on canvas with oil and crayon 80.9 x 59.7 cm
MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York

In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.

Juan Gris in Paris 1922 Gelatin silver print photo by Man Ray

Juan Gris in Paris early 1920s

Photo by Man Ray

Juan Gris Violin and Playing Cards on a Table 1913

Juan Gris (Spanish, Madrid 1887–1927 Boulogne-sur-Seine) | Violin and Playing Cards on a Table 1913
Oil on canvas 100.3 × 65.4 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Juan Gris |Man in Cafe 1912 (GIF)

The impact of Cubism was far-reaching and wide-ranging. Cubism spread rapidly across the globe and in doing so evolved to greater or lesser extent. In essence, Cubism was the starting point of an evolutionary process that produced diversity; it was the antecedent of diverse art movements.

See more here

Fernand Léger, Montparnasse, 1946

Fernand Léger in his studio at Montparnasse 1946

Ferdinand Léger The Village 1915

Fernand Léger (French, Argentan 1881–1955 Gif-sur-Yvette) | The Village 1914
Oil on canvas 80 × 100.3 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


André Kertész Mondrian's Studio, Paris

André Kertész (American (born Hungary), Budapest 1894–1985 New York) | Mondrian’s Studio, Paris 1926
Gelatin silver print 36.5 x 26.7 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

André Kertész Self-Portrait with friends, Hôtel des terrasses, Paris, 1926

André Kertész | Self-Portrait with friends, Hôtel des terrasses, Paris 1926


Jacques Lipchitz (American (born Lithuania), Druskininkai 1891–1973 Capri)_Seated Man (Meditation) 1925

Jacques Lipchitz (American (born Lithuania), Druskininkai 1891–1973 Capri) | Seated Man (Meditation) 1925
Bronze 34.3 x 29.2 x 24.8 cm – The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Jacques Lipchitz in his Studio (Atelier), Paris, circa 1935. Photo by Rogi André (1905-1970)

Jacques Lipchitz at his Atelier in Paris ca. 1935
Photo by Rogi André (1905-1970)


Pablo Picasso Three Musicians 1921

Pablo Picasso | Three Musicians 1921
Oil on canvas 200.7 x 222.9 cm – Museum of Modern Art, New York

Pablo Picasso | Three Musicians 1921 (GIF)


20131122152519!Joseph_Csaky,_Head_(Portrait_d'homme),_1913,_Plaster_lost_or_destroyed,_Published_in_Montjolie,_March_1914

Joseph Csaky (born hungarian 1888-1971) | Head (Portrait d’homme) 1913

Plaster lost or destroyed Published in Mont jolie March 1914

Joseph_Csaky,_1926,_photograph_André_Kertész,_exhibited_at_Galerie_Au_Sacre_du_printemps_in_Paris,_1927.

Joseph Csaky 1926

Photograph by André Kertész – exhibited at Galerie Au Sacre du printemps in Paris 1927

The Salon d'Automne of 1912, held in Paris at the Grand Palais from

The Salon d’Automne of 1912, held in Paris at the Grand Palais from 1 October to 8 November.

Joseph Csaky‘s sculpture Groupe de femmes (Groupe de trois femmes, Groupe de trois personnages) of 1911–1912 is exhibited to the left. In front of two sculptures by Amedeo Modigliani. Other works are shown by Jean Metzinger, František Kupka, Francis Picabia andHenri Le Fauconnier.

Joseph_Csaky,_1911-1912,_Deux_Femme_(Two_Women),_plaster_lost,_photo_Galerie_René_Reichard,_Frankfurt,

Joseph Csaky | Groupe de femmes (Groupe de trois femmes, Groupe de trois personnages) 1911–1912

Plaster lost, photo Galerie René Reichard, Frankfurt. Exhibited at the 1912 Salon d’Automne, and Salon des Indépendants, 1913, Paris


Rivera Cubist Landscape 1912 MOMA

Diego Rivera (Mexican, 1886–1957) | Cubist Landscape 1912
Oil on canvas 65.4 x 90.2 cm – MoMA The Museum of Modern Art, New York

The Mexican Diego Rivera arrived in Europe in 1907. He went to study with Eduardo Chicharro in Madrid, Spain, and from there went to Paris, France, to live and work with the great gathering of artists in Montparnasse, especially at La Ruche, where his friend Amedeo Modigliani painted his portrait in 1914. His circle of close friends, which included Ilya Ehrenburg, Chaim Soutine, Amedeo Modigliani and Modigliani’s wife Jeanne Hébuterne, Max Jacob, gallery owner Léopold Zborowski, and Moise Kisling, was captured for posterity by Marie Vorobieff-Stebelska (Marevna) in her painting “Homage to Friends from Montparnasse” (1962).

In those years, Paris was witnessing the beginning of Cubism in paintings by such eminent painters as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braqueand Juan Gris. From 1913 to 1917, Rivera enthusiastically embraced this new school of art.

Diego Rivera in Europe

Diego Rivera during his studies in Europe ca. 1909-1910

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